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Fighting Fake News

This topic contains 2 replies, has 1 voice, and was last updated by  PopeBeanie 1 month, 3 weeks ago.

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  • #25984

    PopeBeanie
    Moderator

    The posts that follow should focus on specific fake news sub-topics, and be actively kept up to date. (I’m starting it off in the next post with Christopher Wylie, Cambridge Analytica Whistleblower.)

    #25985

    PopeBeanie
    Moderator

    Christopher Wylie

    Cambridge Analytica whistleblower: ‘We spent $1m harvesting millions of Facebook profiles’

     

    #27928

    PopeBeanie
    Moderator

    After reading this Scientific American article, I see I shouldn’t be promoting the phrase “fake news” as if it describes the whole problem.

    Misinformation Has Created a New World Disorder

    IN BRIEF

    • Many types of information disorder exist online, from fabricated videos to impersonated accounts to memes designed to manipulate genuine content.

    • Automation and microtargeting tactics have made it easier for agents of disinformation to weaponize regular users of the social web to spread harmful messages.

    • Much research is needed to understand the effects of disinformation and build safeguards against it.

    […]

    Purveyors of disinformation—content that is intentionally false and designed to cause harm—are motivated by three distinct goals: to make money; to have political influence, either foreign or domestic; and to cause trouble for the sake of it.

    Those who spread misinformation—false content shared by a person who does not realize it is false or misleading—are driven by sociopsychological factors. People are performing their identities on social platforms to feel connected to others, whether the “others” are a political party, parents who do not vaccinate their children, activists who are concerned about climate change, or those who belong to a certain religion, race or ethnic group. Crucially, disinformation can turn into misinformation when people share disinformation without realizing it is false.

    We added the term “malinformation” to describe genuine information that is shared with an intent to cause harm. An example of this is when Russian agents hacked into e-mails from the Democratic National Committee and the Hillary Clinton campaign and leaked certain details to the public to damage reputations.

    […]

    Technology platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and Pinterest play a significant role in encouraging this human behavior because they are designed to be performative in nature. Slowing down to check whether content is true before sharing it is far less compelling than reinforcing to your “audience” on these platforms that you love or hate a certain policy. The business model for so many of these platforms is attached to this identity performance because it encourages you to spend more time on their sites.

    […]

    Understanding how each one of us is subject to such campaigns—and might unwittingly participate in them—is a crucial first step to fighting back against those who seek to upend a sense of shared reality. Perhaps most important, though, accepting how vulnerable our society is to manufactured amplification needs to be done sensibly and calmly. Fearmongering will only fuel more conspiracy and continue to drive down trust in quality-information sources and institutions of democracy. There are no permanent solutions to weaponized narratives. Instead we need to adapt to this new normal. Just as putting on sunscreen was a habit that society developed over time and then adjusted as additional scientific research became available, building resiliency against a disordered information environment needs to be thought about in the same vein.

    Full article

     

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